J.O.E 环保联盟 | J.O.E Eco Alliance

“种子方舟”存样本逾百万

位于挪威北部斯瓦尔巴群岛的全球种子库226日迎来启用10周年庆典。当天又有一批超过76000份种子样本加入,该种子库目前储存的种子样本数已超过100万份。这全球种子库于2008226日正式投入使用。库内所存种子样本的所有权仍完全属于各个送交保存的基因库。它位于斯瓦尔巴群岛首府朗伊尔城附近的一座大山内部,库内温度常年保持在零下18摄氏度。它储存着来自世界各地的植物种子,作为备份以防人类赖以生存的农作物因灾难而绝种。科学家对这座植物诺亚方舟将要应对灾难的设定包括自然灾害、疫病、战争,甚至世界末日。实际上,在全球各地分布的大大小小种子库数以千计,但难免因天灾人祸遭受损失,因此不少种子库都在斯瓦尔巴全球种子库储存备份种子。

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Deep within a mountain on a remote Arctic island in Norway's Svalbard archipelago is a vault which safeguards humanity's food supply for generations to come.

The Svalbard Global Seed Vault, which lies halfway between mainland Norway and the North Pole, is a fail-safe seed storage facility which holds the world's largest collection of crop biodiversity.

With almost one million seed varieties, and counting, it is the ultimate insurance policy against the catastrophic loss of collections from other repositories.

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Source: Zaobao / The Straits Times